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Medical Names for Body Parts

by Dr.Sal MD on author

Doctors use medical names for body parts to be more accurate e.g. if I say to a medical colleague, "there's a transverse fracture at the right 2nd distal interphalangeal joint" that is much more specific than me saying "she broke her finger doc". Medical names look awkward and feel like tongue twisters the first time they roll off out of your mouth - sorry, buccal cavity - because they come mostly from another language... Latin.

Body Part Medical Name
Head Cranium
Forehead Frontalis
Eyeball Globe
Eye Socket Orbit
Eye Whites Cornea
Eye Color Ring Iris
Eye Hole Pupil
Ears Pinna
Ear Canal External Meatus
Ear Drum Tympanic Membrane
Nose Bridge Nasal bones
Nostrils Nares
Cheeks Malar region
Cheek Bone Zygomatic arch
Lips Labia
Tongue Lingulus
Mouth Oral or Buccal Cavity
Gums Gingiva
Upper Jaw Maxilla
Lower Jaw Mandible
Chin Mentis
Teeth Dentition
Voice Box Larynx
Adam's Apple Thyroid Cartilage
Pit of Throat Manubrial Notch
Swallow Pipe Esophagus
Collar Bones Clavicles
Shoulder Blade Scapula
Chest Bone Sternum
Ribs Costal
Rib Joints Costochondral joints
Pit of Stomach Epigastrium
Navel Umbilicus
Loins Flank
Bladder Area Suprapubic
Bird, Twat, Puss-, Cun-, Beaver Vagina
Womb Uterus
Bird, Junk, Weiner, Dic- Penis
Foreskin Prepuce
Balls, Nuts Testicles
Bum, Butt, As- Gluteus
Neck Spine Cervical or C-spine
Mid Back Spine Thoracic or T-spine
Lower Back Spine Lumbar or L-spine
Spine Bones Vertebrae
Tailbone Coccyx
Shoulder Deltoid
Armpit Axilla
Upper Arm Bone Humerus
Elbow Olecranon
Funny Bone Ulnar Nerve
Forearm Outter Bone Radius
Forearm Inner Bone Ulna
Wrist Metacarpals
Hand Carpals
Fingers Phalanges
Hips Pelvis
Upper Leg Muscles Quadriceps
Upper Leg Bone Femur
Knee Cap Patella
Shin Bone Tibia
Ankle Malleoli
Heel Calcaneus
Foot Arch Metatarsals
Toes Phalanges
Great Toe Hallux
Trunk Torso
Breasts Mammaries
Nipples Areola
Brain Cerebrum
Heart Myocardium
Lungs Pulmonary system
Liver Hepatic system
Kidneys Renal system
Digestive Tract Alimentary Canal
Skin Integumentary System
Baldness Alopecia

Some body part names are used as impolite "bad" words. These names have their last letter blocked (-) so you can guess them but kids reading can't :)


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