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High Blood Pressure Cause, High Blood Pressure Symptoms, High Blood Presure Treatment

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High Blood Pressure Cause

The cause of high blood pressure is unknown in most cases. What we do know is that it is more common high pressure jobs, being overweight, getting older, high salt and fat diets, smoking, and heredity.

Blood pressure is measured as two numbers - systolic and diastolic. Systolic blood pressure is the pressure of blood in your blood vessels as your heart claps, and the diastolic number is the pressure when your heart relaxes between claps. A normal blood pressure is less than 140/90 (top number is the systolic and bottom is diastolic).

In 5% of cases high blood pressure can be traced back to kidney disease, structural problems with blood vessels and disorders in the regulation of hormones which regulate blood pressure.

High Blood Pressure Symptoms

  • Throbbing headaches
  • Blurred vision
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Ringing in your ears
  • Right sided chest pain
  • Swollen feet
  • Mini-stroke

blood pressure treatment

High Blood Pressure Treatment

Significant lowering of blood pressure in mild high blood pressure can be done through simple things like: regular exercise, eating a low grease and salt diet, and quitting smoking. But for moderate to extreme blood pressure, chemical intervention through medication each day as necessary. Such as:

  • Diuretics - work on the kidneys forcing you to pass more urine. This loss of body fluid lowers your blood pressure. The most common of these is hydrochlorothiazide.

  • Vessel Dilators - tell your blood vessels to relax and open wide making blood flow easier and at a lower pressure. Common examples would be calcium channel blockers such as felodipine and amlodipine.

  • Sedatives - relax your blood vessels and slow your heart rate e.g. methydopa

  • Ace Inhibitors - these agents interfere in angiotensin hormonal regulation of blood pressure.

  • Beta Blockers - slow your heart rate reducing blood pressure e.g. metoprolol, atenolol and bisoprolol.

Your doctor will juggle these in different combinations until satisfied that your blood pressure is safe.

It is very important that once you start these medicines that you do not stop on your own or allow them to run out. If you do, you are putting yourself at risk of a stroke or heart attack. These medicines do not cure high blood pressure. They control it. When you stop suddenly, the pressure escalates rapidly. These medications are generally lifelong.

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    Last Updated:
    April 22 2016
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